Define fermentation and explain why it does not require oxygen; Describe the fermentation pathways and their end products and give examples of microorganisms that use these pathways; Compare and contrast fermentation and anaerobic respiration; Many cells are unable to carry out respiration because of one or more of the following circumstances: C) Fermentation can produce lactic acid. There's no single answer. In yeast, the anaerobic reactions make alcohol, while in your muscles, they make lactic acid. How cells extract energy from glucose without oxygen. Which of the following statements about fermentation is NOT true? Lactic acid fermentation is anaerobic, and you don't want oxygen getting in there. Tempeh mold needs oxygen. This is especially important during the early hours and days of fermentation. Thus, aerobic fermentation does not actually refer to a fermentation process; this process refers to the process of cellular respiration. A lot of CO2 gas from the fermentation is infused within the wine must at this point. E) Fermentation can produce alcohol. Fermentation starts with glycolysis, which does not require oxygen, but it does not involve the latter two stages of aerobic cellular respiration (the Krebs cycle and electron transport). Metabolism without Oxygen: Fermentation In aerobic respiration, the final electron acceptor for the electron transport chain is an oxygen molecule, O 2.If aerobic respiration occurs, then approximately 30 molecules of ATP will be produced during the electron transport chain and chemiosmosis using the energy of the high-energy electrons carried by NADH or FADH 2 to the electron transport chain. B) Fermentation does not require oxygen. This makes it very hard for excessive oxygen to saturate into the wine and cause oxidation. Fermentation occurs in the absence of oxygen (anaerobic conditions), and in the presence of beneļ¬cial microorganisms (yeasts, molds, and bacteria) that obtain their energy through fermentation. During glycolysis, NAD+ is reduced to NADH and 2 net ATPs are produced. The yeasts we use for beer and wine go through aerobic and anaerobic phases (aerobic builds the population up, then anaerobic makes the booze). D) Fermentation produces a net 2 ATP molecules. The yeast need this oxygen to grow and to produce important cell wall constituents. Fermentation occurs in the digestive system of humans and other animals. The yeast need this oxygen to multiply successfully. Fermentation Facts . To do this breeding yeast devours dissolved oxygen in your fermenting wine. The term Aerobic fermentation is a misnomer since fermentation is anaerobic, i.e., it does not require Oxygen. Fermentation is an anaerobic process, meaning it does not require oxygen in order to occur. 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