Scrape a few scales or their covers gently off of the ficus with a knife or similar tool and inspect the insects to determine if they are alive and feeding or dead. With a pair of clean, sharp pruning shears like these, prune off any infected leaves or stems, and even part of the trunk if necessary (cutting off the trunk may actually encourage growth once the tree recovers!). The main symptom is sticky, clear secretions being left on the leaves of the infested plant. Growing Success Winter Tree Wash) can be used. Spray it with water at a good force to try and knock a few loose. Many other species of w… Some species of scale can also look like white bumps. Facebook: Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Resource Group. Figs have been a staple fruit crop in many countries for thousands of years. Scale is far easier to treat if the infestation is light. Yes, there can be scale on fiddle leaf figs. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. Scale insects are a diverse group of piercing-sucking pests (Hemiptera) commonly found on ornamental plants in landscapes and nurseries. – Give them a prune … Why is my Fiddle Leaf Fig Growing Leaves at the Bottom? Spray the ficus thoroughly with horticultural oil. Repeat the treatment every four to seven days until the scales are gone. Here's a close up of the trunk of our olive tree showing the black scales. However, by giving your tree some tender loving care, they will reward you with delicious fruit…what could be better? In this case, you may need to treat the tree several times. These insects attach to leaves, stems, and even the trunk of your fiddle leaf fig and suck sap out of them. To learn more about getting rid of pests, check out our Ultimate Guide to Fiddle Leaf Fig Insect Problems! Next winter, just prior to spring growth, spray the branches with a dormant oil spray making sure to get good coverage of all branch surfaces. Secondly, fruit from this tree may not be palatable because scales are now feeding on them. How to Manage Fig Tree Diseases. As the adult wasps feed on nectar, planting a Good Bug Mix will help feed the adults. It is easier to control scale when there is not foliage on the trees to deflect the sprays. This isn’t a super common pest for fiddle leaf figs (not as common as mealybugs and spider mites, anyway), but it can happen. Most species of scale will park themselves on a leaf or stem and create a hard shell to hide under. If there are only a few scale spots here and there, you can usually pick them off without too much trouble. They are susceptible to some diseases, but how you grow and manage them can make the difference between a good crop or even the loss of the whole tree. Of the pathogens that cause problems with fig trees, fungi take the cake. Ficus oozing sap: This condition is caused by sucking pests, usually caused mealybugs and/or scale. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Ficus, Fig, Indian Laurel, Laurel Fig—Ficus spp. Pest infestations don’t have to mean the end for your fiddle leaf fig! It has been a pest of Ixoraspp. How to Treat Scale on Fiddle Leaf Figs As with all issues that affect fiddle leaf figs, it’s best to treat this early. You may effectively address minor scale infestation on small ficus trees by rubbing each scale with a cotton swab soaked with rubbing alcohol. Do not apply oil within 30 days of a sulfur application. For scales on deciduous plants including edible fruits, a plant oil winter wash (considered organic e.g. They do not secrete honeydew.Soft – Secrete a waxy film (up to 1/2 inch long) that is part of the body. Viewed from the top, they are rectangular, oval or lobed at the base. The chemicals in pet urine, especially cat urine, can burn your roots and severely damage the tree. Worldwide: Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America, the Caribbean, Mediterranean region, Pacific Islands, and South America. This information sheet describes their biology and the control and prevention of these plant pests. They may even spread to other plants! Now I read that fig trees are pretty tough. Scale insects are small, inconspicuous insects that use hair-like mouthparts to extract plant sap from leaves or branches. Pour the soap into a spray bottle and spray the plant, including the undersides of the leaves and stems, until the soap solution begins to drip. In most cases, they are able to move short distances (but rarely do) and produce copious amounts of honeydew. While its primary target is citrus trees, it also feeds on olives and other fruit, and can be found on some vegetables such as pumpkin. Wrap the ficus trunk with a thin band of tree wrap or masking tape and coat this wrap with a sticky material designed to trap ants if you suspect that ants are feeding on honeydew produced by soft scales and protecting the scales from predators. Planting a variety of fragrant, flowering ornamental plants and herbs near the ficus helps to attract beneficial scale predators to the area. As with all issues that affect fiddle leaf figs, it’s best to treat this early. The wax scales are globular in shape and coated with a heavy layer of wet-looking white, beige to pinkish or gray wax. The adult female of the Florida wax scale grows to about 3 mm (1/8-inch). Most fiddle leaf fig owners are well aware of the more pervasive pests that can plague our precious fiddles, but there’s another insect that many plant parents overlook: scale. With a pair of clean, sharp, There are pros and cons to this method, so make sure to read our article on that, To learn more about getting rid of pests, check out our. If left untreated, the ripe figs rot and the tree sheds its leaves. There are over 180 species of scale insects in Florida, but only a small percentage are important pests of ornamental plants (Dekle 1976; Hamon and Williams 1984). These insects don’t really move, so it’s easy to overlook them until your plant starts showing signs that it’s unhappy like yellowing leaves, stunted growth, etc. 3 Avoid using regular house soap. Frequently, the fruit area around scale insects is dry, woody or discolored or worse--definitely not appealing, tasty or of the usual consistency of a ripe fig. Regular spraying on the undersides of the leaves (so it comes into direct contact with the scale) will help bring scale insects under control. 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