“Six Nations Police smashed my face into the ground multiple times,” Porter said in a written summary of the incident, prepared for the Six Nations Confederacy Council. She was a young Indigenous woman who worked at our police detachment as an administration assistant. He said the curfew would disadvantage Indigenous youth and their families in particular, who are already overrepresented in the justice system. This legislation was co-developed with Indigenous partners with the goal of keeping Indigenous children and youth connected to their families, communities, and culture. However, not all have come to accept that it is a concern. Porter and his friends are hopeful the review could bring accountability and say Indigenous communities should have access to police oversight when it’s warranted. It was midnight, and I was driving her home at the end of her shift because dangers—both canine and human—rendered it unsafe for our civilian staff members to walk home alone after dark. His report recommended the province consider expanding the mandates of the SIU and OIPRD to include First Nations policing, “subject to the opting in of individual First Nations.”. From thestar.com Original Article by Wendy Gillis June 28 2020. Like many of Ontario’s First Nations communities, Six Nations is outside the jurisdiction of the province’s police watchdogs. In this context, youth is defined as individuals between 7 and 30 years of age. “I am dismissing this claim that you were treated inappropriately or unlawfully when you were arrested,” Smoke wrote in a letter addressed to Ryan Davis and reviewed by the Star. “I just want justice, and that’s something that hasn’t been on this reserve for a very long time, if ever,” said Mike Davis. The survivor of a past suicide attempt, Porter, 19, requires a tracheostomy tube to breathe. She added that while some communities might choose to opt into already existing oversight bodies like the OIPRD, this should not be the default, as trusting outside agencies “has not always worked well for Indigenous peoples.”, “I strongly believe that Indigenous communities can identify and develop their own responsive and culturally appropriate solutions,” Loft said. 3 - Legislative diversionary measures have not positively affected Indigenous young offenders as compared to Caucasian counterparts. This crisis is especially profound in the youth context. I was like, ‘How is this right’?”. Typical offenders include Indigenous Australians who are heavily over­ represented for the offence, and the victim is usually a police officer. This need is critical given the over-representation of Aboriginal youth in the justice system. Erick Laming, an Algonquin First Nation PhD candidate studying criminology at the University of Toronto, has interviewed Indigenous people living off and on reserve about their interactions with police, and says he’s heard many first-hand stories about police violence and victims having no recourse. Aboriginal drivers receive 3.2 times more fines from being pulled over than non-Aboriginal people. We support youth-led projects that include activities in one or more of four thematic areas: Arts and culture Engages youth in Canada's arts and culture. CHRISTINE FEERICK. Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. Rastafarians march for access to cannabis industry, B.C. This study aimed to contribute to the emerging literature examining disparity in the use of police diversion and whether the impact of police diversion on re-contact varies based on Indigenous status. More than 300 children are on the NSW Police secret blacklist, half are Aboriginal and the youngest child targeted is nine years of age. It was at this point that P placed L underarrest for offensive language. Friedman is still asking Six Nations police to allow an outside body to investigate her clients’ complaints. “After the police slammed me into the floor I was then stood up and slammed into the wall.”. Porter and his friends are hopeful the review could bring accountability and say Indigenous communities should have access to police oversight when it’s warranted. Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. Although that may mean good news in the future, it doesn’t help the men from Six Nations. Many of the yo… The study addressed three research questions: 1. I didn'tfuckin doit You can get fucked.' If the OIPRD or SIU had been investigating, the complainants would have been interviewed and there would be a detailed report explaining the process and the outcome, she said. ... social workers and youth workers. Tamar Friedman, a Toronto lawyer representing the men, said it’s not clear who was interviewed, what documents were reviewed or how the police service came to its decision. Amid a national reckoning about policing, in the wake of two recent fatal police shootings of Indigenous people in New Brunswick and the violent arrest of Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam, the men are speaking out about what they say is a lack of accountability for police actions in their home territory. Concerns regarding the entire criminal justice system’s treatment of Aboriginal youth was a recurring theme in the submissions received by the Commission. Suddenly, the teen’s life was in peril. Read "Over-Policing among the Australian Indigenous Communities" by Sa Ngugi available from Rakuten Kobo. Instead, there has been “complete lack of accountability” surrounding what she called a disturbing use of excessive force. If the raid and arrests had occurred outside Six Nations’ territory, Porter’s injuries would have automatically prompted an investigation by the Special Investigations Unit (SIU), which probes serious injuries and deaths involving police. “The exclusion of First Nations policing from civilian oversight results in many First Nations communities not having access to the same oversight mechanisms as other Ontarians,” Tulloch wrote. JOIN THE CONVERSATION Toronto could significantly cut police spending and reduce the over-policing of Black and Indigenous people by removing officers from … Past EVENTS / Over-Policing Black and Indigenous Lives. “We also hope the (Six Nations police) will immediately start working with the Six Nations Elected Council and Hereditary Council to find new practices that will restore police legitimacy in the community, not only in the way they respond to complaints, but also in the way they police,” Friedman said. LGBTQ2S+ Community The VPD LGBTQ2S+ Liaison Officer works with community agencies to improve the safety of LGBTQ2S+ people in our city, which is the goal of the Safe Place program. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. What proportion of Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people had contact with the juvenile justice system and what was the extent of this contact? The Star sought comment from the elected council but did not hear back. In 2017, University of Queensland professor Tamara Walsh obtained data … “I also fear that the Six Nations police will do this to someone else, and the next person might not be so lucky.”. Although that may mean good news in the future, it doesn’t help the men from Six Nations. Most Indigenous kids don’t do crime, this is an issue of over-policing,” he said. The NSW police commissioner, Mick Fuller, has previously said Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up about 55% of those – including adults – on an STMP. Erick Laming, an Algonquin First Nation PhD candidate studying criminology at the University of Toronto, has interviewed Indigenous people living off and on reserve about their interactions with police, and says he’s heard many first-hand stories about police violence and victims having no recourse. Allegations of police use of force against Indigenous people happen “way more often than the public even knows about,” Laming said. Abstract. The impact of over-policing has led to a great distrust of the police by Aboriginal people. Applicants are Indigenous youth who are college or university students and interested in becoming police officers. Sgt. The over-policing and jailing of Indigenous, Black and racialized people is part of that context. Employment. Amid a national reckoning about policing, in the wake of two recent fatal police shootings of Indigenous people in New Brunswick and the violent arrest of Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam, the men are speaking out about what they say is a lack of accountability for police actions in their home territory. Policing under the Suspect Targeting Management Plan is particularly harmful in criminalising already overpoliced Indigenous young people. If it shifts or becomes blocked it could obstruct his airway, causing him to suffocate. This woman, who I’ll call Grace, was 23 years old. “Six Nations Police smashed my face into the ground multiple times,” Porter said in a written summary of the incident, prepared for the Six Nations Confederacy Council. Dallas Porter said the Six Nations Police Service officer grabbed him and slammed him onto the ground. With no options available, the men asked Six Nations police to bring in a third party, such as an outside police service, to investigate. Police have wide discretionary powers over surveillance and intervention of individuals in public. “A lot of times, Indigenous people don’t want to come forward because they don’t want the attention, they are afraid (they’ll be) targeted even further and, sadly, they just take it,” he said. NSW Police policy found to destructively target Indigenous youth A NSW Police policy that aims to predict and prevent future crime is causing serious harm to Aboriginal youth and has no evidence of … The 98% — over-policing, suicide and Aboriginal youth in the NT Most young people in custody in the NT are on remand, the consequences of which – social isolation, family and community fracture, stigmatisation, disrupted education, cultural and work opportunities – … By. The three other men who were arrested say they were also roughed up and remain traumatized by the incident, especially police treatment of Porter. This is true in both the adult and youth justice spheres. However, I am left feeling violated by the very people who are supposed to be safeguarding our community,” Ryan Davis wrote in a complaint to former Six Nations Police Chief Glen Lickers late last year. Constantly being harassed by police is a barrier to having a normal life. Indigenous policing and reconciliation. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It should also be noted that Indigenous women were especially heavily over-represented, comprising 44 per cent of the female cases but only 1.1 per cent of the national female population aged 15 and above. It’s critical that he avoid lying on his stomach — precisely what he says he was forced to do by police. Each feeds upon the other to perpetuate systemic discrimination and negative stereotypes regarding Aboriginal people (2007, 64). Over half (57%) of First Nations children in census metropolitan areas (CMAs) were living in low-income economic families, as were 45% of Inuit children and 42% of Métis children. Offensive language is punishable without needing to constitute a breach of the peace. The crisis of Aboriginal over-incarceration in Canada is one of the most well-documented features of our Criminal Justice System. Police take very seriously their obligations and responsibilities in relation to all people in police custody, including Aboriginal people and youths. (Submitted by Jason Harnett) When Amir … expressly prohibited without the prior written consent of Toronto update Article … Tamar Friedman, a Toronto lawyer representing the men, said it’s not clear who was interviewed, what documents were reviewed or how the police service came to its decision. Later that month, the men were advised their complaints had been dismissed, without them ever being interviewed. By Wendy Gillis Staff Reporter. • They will give Aboriginal people confidence that the police force is interested in them. High profile instances of police brutality against Black, Indigenous and racialized people, from the killing of Andrew Evans in 1978 to the killing of D’Andre Campbell, Chantel Moore and Ejaz Ahmed Choudry this year are not independent incidents, but part of this long-standing trend. Systemic discrimination and negative stereotypes result in more Indigenous people being arrested, charged, and entering the criminal justice system. United in anger, the men launched complaints about their treatment by officers — but soon realized there was nowhere to turn except the police force itself. Regarding the youth’s 12 December 2020 arrest and subsequent detention at the Hobart Reception Prison, Tasmania Police is not aware of any such medical episode. Meanwhile, Edmonton city council approved a motion in early July that included cutting the police service’s budget by $11 million over the next two years amid weeks of debate around police … “This lack of oversight and accountability can only embolden (Six Nations Police) officers to participate in further abuse,” Friedman said. What processes were used to respond to offending by Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people and was there disp… Importantly, she said, Indigenous communities must be supported, including financially, to develop whatever system is best. But what that looks like — whether it be an oversight body, community council, a commissioner or ombudsperson — should depend on each community’s distinct needs. Indigenous young people are much more vulnerable to increasing policing. “I am dismissing this claim that you were treated inappropriately or unlawfully when you were arrested,” Smoke wrote in a letter addressed to Ryan Davis and reviewed by the Star. The absence of civilian police oversight in First Nations communities has been well documented, most recently by Ontario Court of Appeal Justice Michael Tulloch in his 2016 review of police oversight. Through consultation with Indigenous communities, Tulloch said the “desire for appropriate civilian oversight of First Nations policing is clear.”. Over-policing generally results from the imposition of police control on individual or community activities at a level unlikely to occur in the dominant society. First Nations police services are often staffed by Indigenous officers, though not exclusively. Republication or distribution of this content is “As a member of this community, I deserve the right to feel safe and protected by our police service. 2. Share. Over-policing also leads to the police forming attitudes that view Aboriginal people as violent, dangerous, and prone to criminal behaviour. Newspapers Limited, One Yonge Street, 4th floor, Toronto, ON, M5E 1E6, Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam. The Program operates in accordance with the First Nations Policing Policy, a national framework for the provision of policing services in First Nation and Inuit communities. Over Policing. Since police dismissed the men’s complaints, the Six Nations Elected Council has signalled an intention to launch a review of both the police service and its commission, although it’s not clear if the men’s complaints about the raid played a part in that decision. From thestar.com Original Article by Wendy Gillis June 28 2020, For more background on this story see Dispensing Freedom’s previous coverage here. When the new policing legislation comes into force — the regulations are still being drafted and there is no timeline — it will establish the Law Enforcement Complaints Agency (LECA), replacing the OIPRD. Indigenous Youth Wonder: Who is Policing First Nations’ Police? Since police dismissed the men’s complaints, the Six Nations Elected Council has signalled an intention to launch a review of both the police service and its commission, although it’s not clear if the men’s complaints about the raid played a part in that decision. “He was bleeding all over himself and I couldn’t do anything to help him. Star Newspapers Limited and/or its licensors. “And no one gets to investigate them but themselves.”. “We also hope the (Six Nations police) will immediately start working with the Six Nations Elected Council and Hereditary Council to find new practices that will restore police legitimacy in the community, not only in the way they respond to complaints, but also in the way they police,” Friedman said. It’s a difficult role to be in. Where suspected offenders appear to lack community ties, such as * Notes: 1. According to a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Solicitor General, incoming changes to Ontario’s policing legislation will create civilian police oversight of officers employed by First Nation boards that choose to opt in. “Dallas could have died, easily, the second that somebody put his face into the ground,” said Alyziah Styres, who listened as Porter struggled to breathe in the back of a police car, his tracheostomy tube partially obstructed. Changes are coming, too, under the forthcoming SIU Act, said a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Attorney General, including giving the watchdog the “authority to enter into voluntary agreements with First Nations in Ontario to conduct or assist with investigations.”. Aboriginal youth are overrepresented in Ontario correctional facilities at a much higher rate than Aboriginal adults. With no options available, the men asked Six Nations police to bring in a third party, such as an outside police service, to investigate. Like many of Ontario’s First Nations communities, Six Nations is outside the jurisdiction of the province’s police watchdogs. This will enable First Nations, Métis and Inuit communities to have a holistic, culturally-based and community-driven approach to children and youth services. Western Australian Police also issue Aboriginal drivers with more on-the-spot fines than other person in that state which suggests racist attitudes. permissions/licensing, please go to: www.TorontoStarReprints.com. First Nations police services are often staffed by Indigenous officers, though not exclusively. While the Youth Criminal Justice Act (YCJA) has reduced Canada’s overall youth incarceration rate in recent years, the relative proportion of detained Aboriginal youth has actually increased. read. “They are investigating themselves and I fear that this incident will get dismissed, as it is not being taken seriously,” Porter wrote in a letter to the council in March. “They are investigating themselves and I fear that this incident will get dismissed, as it is not being taken seriously,” Porter wrote in a letter to the council in March. These sorts of attitudes are not counteracted by Aboriginal awareness programs or similar initiatives. This results in Indigenous people being over charged both in the volume and severity of offenses. If the raid and arrests had occurred outside Six Nations’ territory, Porter’s injuries would have automatically prompted an investigation by the Special Investigations Unit (SIU), which probes serious injuries and deaths involving police. His friend, Ryan Davis, was diagnosed with a concussion after he says he was punched in the head by an officer — “I remember saying, ‘Stop, you’re hurting me,’ like screaming (it),” Davis said. ignoring First Nations goes far beyond cannabis: It flies in the face of established Aboriginal Rights and Title in Canada, Coalition of officers raids Benally’s hemp farms, Local marijuana dispensary hitting the market in November, Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation Chief Allan Adam, Six Nations People’s Cannabis Coalition creates interim agreement, 6 shops open, 31 more to come, Ojibway man faces ongoing harassment from UCCM police, Former national chief says First Nations leadership have ‘no authority’ over cannabis dispensaries, A dream comes true: The Ranch provides Batchewana with fresh grown food and cannabis as a medicine, Staff members beaten by Police during violent raid at Six Nations dispensary [Video], 4% of Canadian cannabis licensees Indigenous-affiliated, with systemic barriers ‘baked into system’, Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte push back on annual Cannabis Cup, detours in place on Highway 49, Canada’s cannabis pardon program is failing. Neither the Six Nations Police Service nor Acting Deputy Chief David Smoke, the officer who investigated the complaints, responded to multiple emails and phone calls from the Star. WARNING: This story contains graphic details that may disturb some readers. Non-Indigenous police 'over-criminalized' Cree youth in Quebec, inquiry hears . Amanda Porter, a criminologist and researcher at the Melbourne Law School, says over-policing of Aboriginal youth is directly reflected in detention, bail and remand statistics. • When making an arrest, Aboriginal police should be better able to make certain that Aboriginal people understand what will happen in various court proceedings. A majority of offenders are arrested for the offence of offensive language. The issue of over-representation remains a burning issue among the indigenous … According to a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Solicitor General, incoming changes to Ontario’s policing legislation will create civilian police oversight of officers employed by First Nation boards that choose to opt in. “I just want justice, and that’s something that hasn’t been on this reserve for a very long time, if ever,” said Mike Davis. In Simmons, (2009 p1) findings on over-policing did point that those likely to enter in jail among the indigenous community are likely to have been cases of alcohol and drug abuse linking these to indigenous population over-representation in jail among minor issue like street offensive language. Here’s why, Indigenous cannabis dispensary grows in popularity after raids, BONOKOSKI: Not all First Nations are battening down the COVID-19 hatches, SNGR takes moment of silence ahead of general council; discussions on cannabis, elections and staffing changes, Confirmed Raids on Indigenous Dispensaries since Canadian legalization, Mississauga of Rice Lake Cannabis Association, Association of Canadian Cannabis Retailers, Federation of Sovereign Indigenous Nations, North Shore Anishinabek Cannabis Association. Changes are coming, too, under the forthcoming SIU Act, said a spokesperson for the Ministry of the Attorney General, including giving the watchdog the “authority to enter into voluntary agreements with First Nations in Ontario to conduct or assist with investigations.”. 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